Mammola (pronounced Màmmola) is an Italian town of 3,040 inhabitants, located on the Ionian coast of Calabria, between the Aspromonte and Calabrian Serre.
Country of peasant origins, had a livelihoods-based livestock farming, agriculture and about related products. After the war, there was a massive emigration to the North-Italian cities, but also abroad, especially to Canada, USA, Argentina, Australia, France.
The Mammola dating back to IV-V century. B.C.: The settlement was built on the ruins of Malea (Μαλέα in ancient greek), greek-Locrian colony mentioned by Thucydides. At the foot, River Runs Clear, the Turbid tributary of the river. Near the latter, once said Sagra, would take place in the sixth century BC the so-called battle of the festival that saw the Crotonian defeated by Locresi allied with the Reggio.
The core of Mammola was further developed in the late tenth century A.D. Between 950 and 986 it rose at a stable village, inhabited by people who had abandoned the Ionian coast to escape the Saracen invasions. Over the years, the monasteries became the spiritual and cultural center. The monks were engaged in miniature, to the mosaic, the study of ancient texts and sciences. In the scriptorium, a place designed for hand-copying codes were transcribed texts and treatises. The Mammola town’s name appears for the first time between the eleventh and twelfth centuries, in a document that was part of the assets of the Monastery of San Fantino. In addition, in 1232, in another document, we talk about some Rogerius de Mammula.
Mammola in the feudal period belonged to different families: Giovanni Ruffo, Ruggero di Lauria, Anselmo Sabrasio, Raimondo del Prato, De Luna, Caracciolo di Gerace, Correale Sorrento, Family Carafa, in 1540 the country became the capital of the Barony expanding its territory with Agnana. Then go to the office of Galician, of Loffredo, Ruffo, the Pazzi, of Ayerbe of Aragon, of Joppa, back to Thorn, to Barreca, and finally to the De Gregorio family who held it until 1806, the suppression of feudalism.
After the unification of Italy, the difficult economic and social conditions deep blow on living in the community, giving rise to phenomena of popular rebellion and banditry. He began the emigration lasted until the end of the twentieth century, halving the population.
There are several testimonies of the ancient history of Mammola: the indigenous cemetery in Monte Scifo, the greek-Roman in Santa Barbara, Hellenic in Buccafurri and caves of Brigante, of Palombaro and Turri. A famous battle took place on the shore of the river Sagra (now Torbido) VI century BC, where Locresi allies with Reggini defeated the strong Crotoniati. In ancient times, when it was still in use place names, streets and districts of the country were marked with a Jewish origin, Arabic and Greek: Sure, Benga, Hfamurra, Buveri, Fana, Mammuleju, Ponzo, Cuccianni, Cundutteiu, Gellario, Gruttu, which still they persist. The town retains its medieval layout characterized by houses gathered around a number of squares. Palaces (De Gregorio, dating back to feudal Ferrari, Pit, Florimo, Thorn, Small, “Gellario” the most recent period Barillaro), built from the fifteenth century onwards, take up the architectural style ranging from classic to baroque. The House Tarantino is dating from the fourteenth century. There are also religious buildings: the Matrix (XII century) with three naves, the sixteenth-century church of SS. Annunziata, the Madonna del Carmine and San Filippo Neri (XVI century).
The main church is dedicated to St. Nicholas of Bari, in whose chapel keep them relics of St. Nicodemus A.B., patron of the city. A St. Nicodemus the Limina is called the Sanctuary, the place where the Saint lived; The sanctuary is located in the Aspromonte National Park.
Other churches are those of the Madonna del Carmine, Annunciation, St. Joseph, St. Filippo Neri, the Basilian Grancia of San Biagio, the Assumption church at Limina, the Reito church in the villages and the ancient monastery Santa Barbara, renovated partly Park Santa Barbara Museum.
The district falls within the National Park of Aspromonte and the Serre Calabre chain and is crossed by a network of trails, some of which are suited to hiking to horseback riding and cycling.
The territory of Mammola is popular with hikers. Among the paths:
Greek Path , naturalistic and scenic trail, was once used by locresi of Ancient Greece as a communication to reach the Tyrrhenian Sea, colonies of Medma (today Rosarno) and Ipponion (now Vibo Valentia). The trail is steep and precipitous path, as votive offerings from devotees of St. Nicodemus, who walk reach the Sanctuary on Mount Kellerana. In particular Friday in July and August of each year are traditional pilgrimage on foot to the shrine of St. Nicodemus. The old trail is marked by the CAI with the number 212.
Salino waterfall , Nature trail characterized by the presence of large granite boulders and alders that shade the waters. It can be traced the stream walking on the edge of the riverbed or in the middle of the water. After the last loop appears the waterfall, flowing between ferrous rock gorges rushes with two jumps from the top. The torrent “Salino”, a tributary of the turbid river, born from Mount Limina in the Aspromonte National Park.
Mount St. Elias (m. 746), crossing the turbid river, you follow the trail of Coraca-Castania lined with olive trees and ancient chestnut trees. Once in Cerasara district, with a track and a driveway you reach the top of Monte, where you can admire a panoramic view, particularly the Aspromonte mountain range and Serre.
Rifugio Montano-Monte Sitting , the route follows a dirt track, crossing large beech and pine forests, along the Marzanello lake, over the Mount crest until you reach the highest peak of the Commune Sitting (mt. 1143). For a while we go along the “Path of Italy”. After you follow the “high road” that leads to Rifugio Montano. In this area there are various species of fungi (mushrooms, rositi, ova, cockerels). The trail was once a major trail to reach Serra San Bruno and Pizzo on the Tyrrhenian Sea, from where the port came the ships which imported the dried cod (the “sword”), which in this way was then carried by donkey in Mammola. The old mule trail to Passo Limington-Step Croceferrata has been turned into a thoroughfare called “Ridge Road”.
Mount Scifo and Borgo Closed at the roundabout of Chiusa continue on foot towards the village Klausen, a characteristic village. Take the trail tripitita arriving at Aspalmo fraction. Along the way some paths lead on Mount Scifo, climbing the mountain slope you reach the top. The view is on the Ionian coast of Reggio Calabria, as the Mount is the highest hill overlooking the sea.
Mine Macariace-Marvelli-limina-Monte San Nicodemus; From Plans Limina to the Sanctuary of St. Nicodemus; Clear-River Village Limina; Clear River-Corvo-Papuzzi; Fiumara Neblà-Valley Spana – Rifugio Montano; Rifugio Montano-Casermetta Vardaro; Step of Two Roads-Acquafredda-C / da Sitting-Pond Marzanello; Torre Cardiff or Cardeto; From Passo del Mercante to Passo della Limina (Path Italy – Italian Alpine Club – step # 54); From Passo della Limina Mongiana (Path Italy – Italian Alpine Club – step # 55).
Mammola has a traditional gastronomic culture typical mountain and country cooking and local products. The kitchen offers a variety of traditional dishes, some of which included the national list of traditional food products of the Ministry of Agriculture. The local gastronomy is based on the elaboration of simple ingredients typical farmer use.
The typical traditional products are: the sword of Mammola; fresh ricotta cheese and smoked ricotta cheese of Mammola, made with goat’s milk Caprino Limina; extra virgin olive oil of Locri; salami hot pepper and fennel; the nacatole; the pizza (corn bread); homemade wheat bread in a wood oven.
In particular, the “sword”, for the processing of sponging and for the preparation, did attribute to Mammola the title of “Country of Stocco”. the “Festival of Stocco” is organized every August 9th 1978.